In this post, I’m going to cover writing a short script that automatically reconnects a RaspberryPi to a WiFi network. The script will check to see if the Pi has network connectivity and, if it’s offline, will restart the wireless interface to bring it back online. We’ll use
cron to schedule the execution of this script at a regular interval.
There are a few ways to determine if the RaspberryPi has network connectivity. For this script, we’ll be using
Writing the script
To get started, we’ll need to determine if the RaspberryPi is connected to the network. To do this, we’ll attempt to ping a server and see if we get a response. If the command succeeds (RaspberryPi receives a response from the server), we have network connectivity. If the command fails, we’ll turn
wlan0 off and back on.
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Name the script something memorable (
wifi_rebooter.sh), and place this script in
/usr/local/bin. Make sure it’s executable by running:
Scheduling regular execution
To ensure the script runs automatically, we’ll use
cron. The frequency that you run this script is a matter of personal preference - I chose to run the script every five minutes.
To schedule the script, open
/etc/crontab for editing and add this line to the bottom:
This will ensure that the script is run, as root, every 5 minutes. If you’re unfamiliar with
cron syntax, take a look at the cron format.
To test that the script works as expected, we are going to take down the
wlan0 interface and wait for the script to bring it back up. Before taking down
wlan0, you may want to adjust the interval in
/etc/crontab to 1 minute. Also, note that this will immediately disconnect you from your shell session.
To take down
wlan0 to confirm the script works, run:
After waiting patiently for ~1 minute, try SSHing back into your RaspberryPi. Assuming everything worked, your RaspberryPi should have automatically reconnected to WiFi. Don’t forget to adjust the interval in
/etc/crontab back to a more appropriate value, if you set it to one minute for testing.
Hopefully this helps keep your RaspberryPi projects online! If you have any questions, or have an alternative method to suggest, feel free to leave a comment.